General Information

Name: Republic of Lebanon.

Capital: Beirut. It is the political capital of the Republic of Lebanon and its biggest city. A population of two million people, according to a statistics in 2007.Concentrated where most vital facilities of industry, trade and services. This is an old and ancient city. As that Beirut is Lebanon's political center of gravity, where most political circles, such as the seat of parliament and the prime minister, in addition to the centers of most of the ministries and government departments, embassies, and play a key role in the Lebanese economic movement. The city is one of the most important cultural influences in the Middle East and the Arab world for its rich cultural activities such as a free press, theaters and publishing houses, art galleries, museums and a large number of international universities.

Political system: republican system which is made by a presidential election every four years.

Major cities: Beirut, Tripoli, Sidon, Tyre, Baalbek, Zahle.

Independence Day: 25 November.

Area: 10,452 km2.

Population: 3925502 (2007).

Time: GMT + 2, the timing of summer GMT +3.

Currency: Lebanese Lira.

Official languages: Arabic, French.

Languages spoken: Arabic, French, English, Armenian.

Climate: Lebanon is characterized by its stunning nature.

Location: Lebanon is one of the Arab countries, which extends on the Mediterranean coast 246 km in length and a width of fifty kilometers.

Religion: The Lebanese constitution provides for freedom of religious belief and freedom to practice all religious rites, and it does not affect the overall system. The Constitution requires that state must respect all religions and sects. Government permits recognized religions to exercise its influence in matters of personal status similar to marriage, divorce and inheritance, the constitution also emphasizes the equality of rights and duties granted to all citizens without discrimination or preference, but it requires a balance of power between religious groups in Lebanon despite its small area on the basis of mutual understanding and peaceful coexistence.

Lebanon boasts several different major sects, so the country is considered the most religiously diverse in the Middle East, featuring 17 religious denominations recognized. The two major religions, namely:

  • Christianity, including the (Maronite, Catholic, Eastern Orthodox Church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, Assyrian Church of the East)

  • Islam: the two main branches are (Sunni and Shiite) and there is also Druze